RAMADAN: CHARACTERISTICS AND VIRTUES

4 – Allaah has made fasting Ramadaan and spending its nights in prayer out of faith and in the hope of reward a means of forgiveness of sins, as was proven in al-Saheehayn (al-Bukhaari, 2014; Muslim, 760) from the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah according to which the Prophet (صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) said:
من صام رمضان إيمانا واحتسابا غفر له ما تقدم من ذنبه
“Whoever fasts Ramadaan out of faith and in the hope of reward, his previous sins will be forgiven.”

And al-Bukhaari (2008) and Muslim (174) also narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet (صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) said:
ومن قام رمضان إيمانا واحتسابا غفر له ما تقدم من ذنبه
“Whoever spends the nights of Ramadaan in prayer out of faith and in the hope of reward, his previous sins will be forgiven.”

The Muslims are unanimously agreed that it is Sunnah to pray qiyaam at night in Ramadaan. Al-Nawawi said that what is meant by praying qiyaam in Ramadaan is to pray Taraweeh, i.e., one achieves what is meant by qiyaam by praying Taraaweeh.

5 – In this month, Allaah opens the gates of Paradise and closes the gates of Hell, and chains up the devils, as is stated in al-Saheehayn (al-Bukhaari, 1898; Muslim, 1079), from the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah who said that the Messenger of Allah صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) said: ​
إذا جاء رمضان فتحت أبواب الجنة ,
وغلقت أبواب النار , وصُفِّدت الشياطين
“When Ramadaan comes, the gates of Paradise are opened and the gates of Hell are closed, and the devils are chained up.”

6 – Every night Allaah has people whom He redeems from the Fire. Imam Ahmad (5/256) narrated from the hadeeth of Abu Umaamah that the Prophet (صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) said:
لله عند كل فطر عتقاء
“At every breaking of the fast, Allaah has people whom He redeems.” Al-Mundhiri said: there is nothing wrong with its isnaad; and it was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb, 987.

Al-Bazzaar (Kashf 962) narrated that Abu Sa’eed said: The Messenger of Allaah (صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) said:
إن لله تبارك وتعالى عتقاء في كل يوم وليلة _ يعني في رمضان _
, وإن لكل مسلم في كل يوم وليلة دعوة مستجابة
“Allaah has people whom He redeems every day and night – i.e., in Ramadaan – and every Muslim every day and night has a prayer that is answered.”

7 – Fasting Ramadaan is a means of expiation for the sins committed since the previous Ramadaan, so long as one avoids major sins. It was proven in Saheeh Muslim (233) that the Prophet (صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) said:
الصلوات الخمس , والجمعة إلى الجمعة , ورمضان إلى رمضان , مكفرات ما بينهن إذا اجتنبت الكبائر
“The five daily prayers, from one Jumu’ah to the next and from one Ramadaan to the next are expiation for (sins committed) in between, so long as you avoid major sins.”

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