A sin may be beneficial for a person: Ibn al-Qayyim

The great scholar Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) wrote:

إن الذنب قد يكون أنفع للعبد إذا اقترنت به التوبة من كثير من الطاعات ، وهذا معنى قول بعض السلف : قد يعمل العبد الذنب فيدخل به الجنة ويعمل الطاعة فيدخل بها النار ، قالوا : وكيف ذلك قال : يعمل الذنب فلا يزال نصب عينيه إن قام وإن قعد وإن مشى ذكر ذنبه فيُحدِثُ له انكساراً وتوبةً واستغفارا وندما فيكون ذلك سبب نجاته ، ويعمل الحسنة فلا تزال نصب عينيه إن قام وإن قعد وإن مشى كلما ذكرها أورثته عجباً وكبرا ومنة فتكون سبب هلاكه

Sin may be more beneficial for a person – if it leads him to repent – than engaging in many acts of obedience.
This is the meaning of the statement of one of the salaf,
“‘A person may commit a sin and enter Paradise because of it, or he may do an act of worship and enter Hell because of it.’
They said, ‘How is that?’
He replied, ‘He may commit a sin and then it remains at the forefront of his thoughts, and when he stands or sits or walks he remembers his sin. So then there comes about shame, repentance, seeking forgiveness and regret, so that that will be the means of his salvation. And [on the other hand] one may perform a good deed and it remains at the forefront of his thoughts, so when he stands or sits or walks he always remembers it and it results in him being amazed [with himself] and prideful. So that will be from the cause of his doom.’”

فيكون الذنب موجبا لترتب طاعات وحسنات ومعاملات قلبية من خوف الله والحياء منه والإطراق بين يديه منكسا رأسه خجلا باكيا نادما مستقيلا ربه ، وكل واحد من هذه الآثار أنفع للعبد من طاعة توجب له صولة وكبرا وازدراء بالناس ورؤيتهم بعين الاحتقار ، ولا ريب أن هذا الذنب خير عند الله وأقرب إلى النجاة والفوز من هذا المعجب بطاعته الصائل بها المانّ بها وبحاله على الله عز وجل وعباده ، وإن قال بلسانه خلاف ذلك فالله شهيد على ما في قلبه ، ويكاد يعادى الخلق إذا لم يعظموه ويرفعوه ويخضعوا له ويجد في قلبه بغضة لمن لم يفعل به ذلك ، ولو فتش نفسه حق التفتيش لرأى فيها ذلك كامنا

So the sin may be the factor that leads him to obedience, good deeds and good conduct of the heart out of fear of Allah and shyness towards him, hanging his head in shame and weeping with regret, seeking the forgiveness of his Lord. Each of these effects is more beneficial for the slave than an act of obedience which results in him feeling powerful and proud or feeling contempt for people and and looking at them with belittlement. There is no doubt that this sin is better before Allah and is closer to safety and success than one who is amazed with his own acts of obedience and becomes haughty, and who thinks that he is doing Allah a favor. And even if he makes claims to the contrary, Allah is the Witness over what is in his heart. Such a person may feel enmity towards creation if they do not magnify him and humbled themselves before him, and he finds hatred in his heart for those who do not do so. And if he were to examine himself honestly, he would see that clearly.”

[Madaarij al-Saalikeen 1/299]

وقال الشيخ ابن عثيمين : ” وما أكثر ما يكون الإنسان منا بعد المعصية خيرا منه قبلها ، وفي كثير من الأحيان يخطئ الإنسان ويقع في معصية ، ثم يجد من قلبه انكساراً بين يدي الله وإنابة إلى الله ، وتوبة إليه حتى إن ذنبه يكون دائما بين عينيه يندم عليه ويستغفر ، وقد يرى الإنسان نفسه أنه مطيع ، وأنه من أهل الطاعة فيصير عنده من العجب والغرور وعدم الإنابة إلى الله ما يفسد عليه أمر دينه ، فالله حكيم قد يبتلي الإنسان بالذنب ليصلح حاله ، كما يبتلي الإنسان بالجوع لتستقيم صحته . وهل حصل لآدم الاجتباء إلا بعد المعصية والتوبة منها .
كما قال : ( ثُمَّ اجْتَبَاهُ رَبُّهُ فَتَابَ عَلَيْهِ وَهَدَى ) طـه/122 ، أي : بعد أن أذنب وتاب ؛ اجتباه ربه فتاب عليه وهداه ، وانظر إلى الذين تخلفوا في غزوة تبوك ماذا حصل لهم ؟ لا شك أنه حصل لهم من الإيمان ، ورفعة الدرجات ، وعلو المنزلة ما لم يكن قبل ذلك ، وهل يمكن أن تنزل آيات تتلى إلى يوم القيامة في شأنهم لولا أنهم حصل منهم ذلك ثم تابوا إلى الله ”
[ الشرح الممتع 3 / 66 ]
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said: “How often is it the case that one of us will be better after committing sin than he was before. In many instances a person errs and falls into sin, then he feels ashamed in his heart before Allaah and he turns to Him and repents to Him, so that he thinks of that sin all the time and continually regrets it and seeks forgiveness. But another person may think that he is obedient (towards Allaah) and that he is one of the people who obey and worship Him, so he starts to admire himself and does not turn to Allaah, which adversely affects his religious commitment. Allaah is Wise and may test a person with sin in order to set him straight, just as He may test a person with hunger in order to improve his health. Adam was only chosen after he had committed sin and repented therefrom.
As Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
ثُمَّ اجْتَبَاهُ رَبُّهُ فَتَابَ عَلَيْهِ وَهَدَى
“Then his Lord chose him, and turned to him with forgiveness, and gave him guidance” [Ta-Ha 20:122] i.e., after he had sinned and repented, his Lord chose him and accepted his repentance and guided him. Looks at those who stayed behind from the campaign of Tabook – what happened to them? Undoubtedly their faith increased and they attained a higher status than they had before. Could the verses concerning them that will be recited until the Day of Resurrection have been revealed if they had not done that then repented to Allaah?”
al-Sharh al-Mumti’, 3/66

1

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s