Ibn Hazm on types of Talks!

قال ابن حزم رحمه الله: رأيت الناس في كلامهم الذي هو فصل بينهم وبين الحمير والكلاب والحشرات ينقسمون أقسامًا ثلاثة، أحدهما:Ibn Hazm (may Allah bestow mercy on his soul) said: I saw people regarding their talks which is; the distinction between them and donkeys, dogs, and insects, are of three types:

من لا يبالي فيما أنفق كلامه فيتكلم بكل ما سبق إلى لسانه غير محقق نصر حق، ولا إنكار باطل، وهذا هو الأغلب في الناس.

1- Those who do not care about their speech, so they speak of anything comes on their tongues without achieving a benefit or denouncing falsehood; and this is the type of most people.

والثاني: أن يتكلم ناصرًا لما وقع في نفسه أنه حق، ودافعًا لما توهم أنه باطلٌ، غير محقق لطلب الحقيقة، لكن لجاجًا فيما التزم، وهذا كثيرٌ وهو دون الأول.

2- Those who speak of what they think to be the truth and repelling what they deem to be falsehood without searching for the truth but you find them where they committed themselves to do; this type is widespread but less than the first type.

والثالث: واضع الكلام في موضعه، وهذا أعز من الكبريت الأحمر

3- Those people who place words in their proper positions; and this type is dearer than red Sulphur.

[ Tabwib Kitab Al Akhlaq Wal Siyar Fi Mudawat An-Nufus of Ibn Hazm by Dr. Ali Al Yahya (p. 28).]

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