It is that which describes any good deed that a person does, and it differs depending on the deed itself:
• If it is keeping oneself from expressing grief in a case of calamity, it is called patience.
• If it is in a battle, it is called courage.
• If it is used when abstaining from talking, it is called discretion.
• If it is renouncing excessiveness in life (worldly enjoy- ment), it is called Zuhd (asceticism).
• If it is used to guard oneself from sexual temptation, it is called chastity.
• If is to keep oneself away from the temptation of food, then it is called self- exaltation (nobility).
• And if is to control one’s anger, then it is called toler- ance (forbearing).
Indeed, it is clear that most of man’s noble states stem from being patient.