al-Walaa’ and al-Baraa’ between excessiveness and negligence..

Dr., Haatim Bin ‘Aarif al-‘Awnee—may Allah support him—said in his book
الولاء والبراء بين الغُلُوِّ والجفاء في ضوء الكتاب والسنّة

al-Walaa’ wal-Baraa’ bainal-Ghuloo wal-Jafaa’ fee Dhoo il-Kitaabi was-Sunnah (al-Walaa’ and al-Baraa’ between excessiveness and negligence in the light of the Book and the Sunnah), pp. 78-79, that:

مناطُ التكفير في (الولاء والبراء) هو عَمَلُ القلب، فحُبّ الكافرِ لكُفْره، أو تمنِّي نُصرة دين الكفار على دين المسلمين، هذا هو الكفرُ في (الولاء والبراء).

أمّا مجرّدُ النصرةِ العمليّة للكفار على المسلمين، فهي وحدَها، لا يُمكن أن يُكَفَّر بها؛ لاحتمال أن صاحبَها ما زال يُحبُّ دين الإسلام ويتمنّى نصرته، لكنّ ضَعْفَ إيمانه جعله يُقدِّمُ أمراً دنيويَّاً ومصلحةً عاجلة على الآخرة.

وما دام مناطُ التكفير في (الولاء والبراء) هو عملَ القلب، وعملُ القلب لا يعلمه إلا اللهُ؛ فإنه لا يمكن أن يُكفَّر بدعوى انعدام هذا المعتقد في القلب.

أمّا إذا صرَّح الشخصُ بحبّه لدين الكفار، أو بتمنّيه نصرةَ دينهم على دين المسلمين، فتصريحه هذا كُفرٌ يُكفَّرُ به، وإن كان باطنُه -مع ذلك- قد يخالف ظاهِرَه، لكنّنا إنما نحكم بالظاهر، واللهُ -تعالى- يتولَّى السرائر.

وأمّا الأعمالُ الظاهرةُ المخالفةُ لموجبات (الولاء والبراء)؛ كنصرةِ الكفار على المسلمين، فهي وإن لم تكن وحدَها كفراً، لكنَّها ذنبٌ ومعصيةٌ، تعظُم كلَّما كان ضررُ النصرة على المسلمين أعظمَ، حتى تكونَ من أكبر الكبائر، وقد تكون كفراً: إذا صاحَبَها حُبٌّ لدين الكفار، أو تَمَنٍّ لانتصار دينهم على دين المسلمين.

المهم أنّ هذه المُصَاحَبةَ التي صَيَّرتْها كُفْراً، عملٌ قلبي، لا اطِّلاع لنا عليه.

ولذلك فإنّ كُفْر (الولاء والبراء) هو كُفْر نفاقٍ، تُجْرى أحكامُ الإسلام الظاهرة على مُقترفِه، ويُوكَلُ أَمرُ تكفيرِه إلى العالِم بخفايا القلوب -سبحانه وتعالى

The condition upon which someone is to be charged with Kufr regarding al-Walaa’ and al-Baraa’ is the heart deeds. Thus, loving a disbeliever on account of his disbelief is Kufr regarding al-Walaa’ and al-Baraa’; likewise, hoping that the religion of the Kuffaar gains victory over the Muslims religion is also Kufr. However, assisting the Kuffaar in their war against the Muslims cannot—alone—be enough to charge one with Kufr, because of the possibility that the person who is giving this assistance still hopes that his religion (i.e. Islam) triumphs over the Kuffaar’s religion, but he just assists them due to lack of faith or worldly gains.

Thus, since the condition of charging someone with kufr regarding al-Walaa’ and al-Baraa’ is the heart deeds, and since the heart deeds and intentions are not disclosed to any but Allah, then no one can charge another with Kufr under the pretense that the latter does what he does out of a heart intention.

On the other hand, if one makes it clear that he loves the religion of the disbelievers (i.e. the Kuffaar), or that he hopes that their religion gains triumph over Islam, then this declaration is Kufr, and he is to be charged with Kufr even though his intention may contradict with his apparent actions, because we judge others on the basis of their apparent actions, and Allah, the Exalted, deals with the hidden intentions.

As for the apparent actions that contradicts with the obligations of al-Walaa’ and al-Baraa’ like assisting the Kuffar against the Muslims, they are considered to be sins that grow bigger as the resulted harm of the assistance grows bigger until they become among the major sins. However, such actions may be considered Kufr if they were done in company with the love for the Kuffaar’s religion or the hope that their religion becomes triumphant over Islam. Still, this accompaniment that made those apparent actions Kufr is a heart deed that we are not conversant with.

Thus, the kufr of al-Walaa’ and al-Baraa’ is a kufr of nifaaq (i.e. religious hypocrisy; practicing Islam outwardly, while inwardly concealing disbelief) that is to be judged in accordance with the apparent Islamic rulings, and as for charge of Kufr upon the doer, it is something that must be left to Allah, the Exalted, who knows about the hidden intentions of the hearts.

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