Eat suhoor, for in suhoor there is blessing.

It was narrated that Anas ibn Maalik (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) said:

تَسَحَّرُوا فَإِنَّ فِي السَّحُورِ بَرَكَةً

“Eat suhoor, for in suhoor there is blessing.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1923; Muslim, 1095.

This hadeeth indicates that the fasting person is commanded to eat suhoor because there is a great deal of goodness and blessing, both spiritual and worldly, in it.

The Prophet (صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) mentioned the blessing so as to encourage us to eat suhoor.

It was narrated from Jaabir that the Prophet (صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) said:

مَنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يَصُومَ فَلْيَتَسَحَّرْ بِشَيْءٍ

“Whoever wants to fast, let him eat something for suhoor.” Narrated by Ahmad, 14533; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 2309.

The command here is in the sense of it being mustahabb, not obligatory, based on the fact that the Prophet (صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) and his companions observed continual fasts, i.e., fasting two or more days without breaking the fast in between, i.e., they fasted night and day.

There is a great deal of blessing in suhoor which includes benefits both in this world and in the Hereafter. 

These blessings include the following:

1 – It gives strength for worship and helps one to obey Allaah during the day by praying, reading Qur’aan and remembering Allaah (dhikr).

One who is hungry may become lazy in worship just as he may become lazy in his daily work, this is something that is well known.

2 – Suhoor wards off the bad attitude that may be provoked by hunger, so the one who eats suhoor will be in a good mood and will interact well with others. 

3 – The one who eats suhoor will be encouraged to fast more, because fasting is less difficult for the one who eats suhoor, so he will be encouraged to fast and it will not be so difficult for him.

4 – Eating suhoor is following the Sunnah, so if the person who eats suhoor has the intention of obeying the command of the Prophet (صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ) and following his example, then his suhoor is an act of worship, so he will be rewarded for it accordingly.

If he intends thereby to gain physical strength for fasting and praying qiyaam, he will be rewarded according to that.

5 – The person who eats suhoor gets up at the end of the night to remember Allaah, make du’aa’ and pray, for that is when prayers are answered and it is the time when Allaah and angels send blessings upon those who eat suhoor, because of the hadeeth of Abu Sa’eed (may Allaah be pleased with him) which will be quoted below.

6 – By eating suhoor one differs from the people of the Book. The Muslim is required to avoid imitating them.

The Prophet (صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) said:

فصل ما بين صيامنا وصيام أهل اكتاب أكلة السحور

The difference between our fasting and the fasting of the people of the Book is eating suhoor.”

7 – Another blessing of suhoor is praying Fajr in congregation, at the proper time.

Hence you see that there are more worshippers praying Fajr in Ramadaan than in other months, because they have gotten up for suhoor.

The fasting person should be keen to eat suhoor and he should not miss it because he feels too sleepy or for any other reason.

He should be easy going when he is woken for suhoor and in a good mood, happy to be following the command of the Messenger of Allaah (صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) and keen to attain its goodness and barakah (blessing), because our Prophet (صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) affirmed the importance of suhoor and enjoined it, and explained that it is the symbol of the Muslims’ fasting that differentiates their fasting from that of the people of the Book, and he told us not to omit suhoor.

Suhoor may be done by means of the least amount of food or drink that a person consumes, it does not have to be any specific kind of food.

It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) said:

نعم سحور المؤمن التمر

“The best suhoor for the believer is dates.” Narrated by Abu Dawood, 2345); classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood.

It was narrated that Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri said: The Messenger of Allaah (صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) said:

السُّحُورُ أَكْلَةٌ بَرَكَةٌ فَلا تَدَعُوهُ وَلَوْ أَنْ يَجْرَعَ أَحَدُكُمْ جَرْعَةً مِنْ مَاءٍ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ وَمَلائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى الْمُتَسَحِّرِينَ

Suhoor is a blessed meal, so do not omit it, even if one of you only takes a sip of water, for Allaah and His angels send blessings on those who eat suhoor.” Narrated by Ahmad, 11003; classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 3683.

The best time for suhoor

 It was narrated that Zayd ibn Thaabit (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “We ate suhoor with the Prophet (صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) then he went to pray.” I [the narrator] asked, “How long was there between the adhaan and suhoor?” He said, “As long as it takes to recite fifty verses.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1921; Muslim, 1097.

This hadeeth indicates that it is mustahabb to delay suhoor until just before Fajr. Between the time when the Prophet (صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) and Zayd ibn Thaabit (may Allaah be pleased with him) finished their suhoor and started to pray was the amount of time it took to recite fifty verses of the Qur’aan at a moderate pace, neither fast nor slow. This indicates that the time for prayer is close to the time of stopping eating and drinking.

What is meant by the adhaan here is the iqaamah, which is called adhaan because it is an announcement that the prayer is about to begin.

It was narrated in Saheeh al-Bukhaari (576) that it was said to Anas – the narrator of the hadeeth – “How much time was there between their finishing their suhoor and starting to pray?” He said: “As long as it takes for a man to recite fifty verses.”

Hastening to eat suhoor halfway through the night is permissible, but it is contrary to the Sunnah. Suhoor is so called because it happens at the time of sahr, which is the end of the night.

If a person eats suhoor halfway through the night, he may miss out on Fajr prayer because sleep may overwhelm him.

Moreover, delaying suhoor is kinder to the fasting person and gives him more energy, because one of the aims of suhoor us to give physical strength for fasting and to conserve one’s energy, so it is wise to delay it.

The fasting person should follow the Prophet’s example in this matter, and should not eat suhoor early.

Another etiquette of fasting that was stated by the scholars is that the fasting person should not be extravagant in his suhoor and should not fill his stomach with food, rather he should eat a moderate amount, because the son of Adam does not fill any worse vessel than his stomach.

If he eats his fill at the time of suhoor he will not be any use until Zuhr time, because eating a large amount makes a person feel lazy and listless.

The words of the Prophet (صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ),

نعم سحور المؤمن التمر

“The best suhoor for the believer is dates” points to this meaning, because dates, in addition to their high nutritional value, are also light on the stomach and easily digested.

If eating one’s fill is also accompanied by staying up late and sleeping during the day, the purpose of fasting is also lost.

And Allaah is the One Whose help we seek.

O Allaah, accept this (worship) from us, for You are the All-Hearing, All-Knowing, and accept our repentance for You are the Acceptor of repentance, the Most Merciful. 

See Ahaadeeth al-Siyaam by al-Fawzaan, p. 75-81.

TREASURES OF RAMADAN – ARABIC TEXT

الحمدلله رب العالمين والصلاة والسلام على نبينا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين، وبعد:

فإن شهر رمضان شهر خير وبر وإحسان، فالأعمال فيه تتضاعف والنفوس فيه تنشط لذلك نضع بين يديك أخي القارئ الكريم باقة عطرة من الأحاديث والآثار الصحيحة في مختلف أبواب البر والخير فمن يدخل السباق؟ ومن يجمع الكنوز

 قال تعالى: { مَنْ جَاءَ بِالْحَسَنَةِ فَلَهُ عَشْرُ أَمْثَالِهَا} [الأنعام: 160]

فهيا أيها المقصرين أما سمعتم قوله تعالى: { إِنَّ الْحَسَنَاتِ يُذْهِبْنَ السَّيِّئَاتِ } [هود 114]

فهيا أيها الخائفين أم سمعتم قول رب العالمين { مَنْ جَاءَ بِالْحَسَنَةِ فَلَهُ خَيْرٌ مِنْهَا وَهُمْ مِنْ فَزَعٍ يَوْمَئِذٍ آمِنُونَ } [النمل: 89]

فمن يفوز في السباق ويحصد الجوائز قال تعالى: { وَالْوَزْنُ يَوْمَئِذٍ الْحَقُّ فَمَنْ ثَقُلَتْ مَوَازِينُهُ فَأُولَئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ } [الأعراف: 8]

1-الإخلاص: قال تعالى: { وَمَا أُمِرُوا إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ حُنَفَاء وَيُقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُوا الزَّكَاةَ وَذَلِكَ دِينُ الْقَيِّمَةِ} البينة: 5]

2-تجريد التوبة لله تعالى: «من تاب قبل أن تطلع الشمس من مغربها تاب الله عليه»، «إن الله يقبل توبة العبد ما لم يغرغر».صحيح الجامع للألباني

3-حصول التقوى: قال تعالى: { يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ } [البقرة: 183]

4-الدعاء عند رؤية الهلال: «اللهم أهله علينا باليمن والإيمانوالسلام والإسلام ربي روبك الله»صحيح الترمذي للألباني

5-صيام رمضان إيماناً واحتساباً: «من صام رمضان إيماناً واحتساباً غفر له ما تقدم من ذنبه»متفق عليه

6-قيام رمضان إيماناً واحتساباً: «من قام رمضان إيماناً واحتساباً غفر له ما تقدم من ذنبه»متفق عليه

7-قيام ليلة القدر إيماناً واحتساباً: «من قام ليلة القدر إيماناً واحتساباً غفر له ما تقدم من ذنبه».متفق عليه

8-تفطير الصائم: «من فطر صائماً كان له مثل أجره غير أنه لا ينقص من أجر الصائم شيئاً».صحيح الترمذي للألباني

9-العمرة: «العمرة في رمضان تعدل حجة أو حجة معي».متفق عليه

10-قراءة القرآن وتلاوته: «اقرؤوا القرآن فإنه يأتي يوم القيامة شفيعاً لأصحابه».مسلم

11-تعلم القرآن وتعليمه: «خيركم من تعلم القرآن وعلمه».البخاري

12-ذكر الله تعالى: «ألا أنبئكم بخير أعمالكم وأزكاها عند مليككم وأرفعها في درجاتكم وخير لكم من إنفاق الذهب والفضة وخير لكم من أن تلقوا عدوكم فتضربوا أعناقكم، ويضربوا أعناقكم؟ قالوا: بلى، قال: ذكر الله تعالى».صحيح ابن ماجة للألباني

13-الاستغفار: «من قال أستغفر الله الذي لا إله إلا هو الحي القيوم وأتوب إليه، غفر له وإن كان قد فر من الزحف».صحيح أبي داود للألباني

14-الاجتهاد في العشر الأواخر: «كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسم إذا دخل العشر أحيا الليل، وأيقظ أهله وشد مئزره».متفق عليه

15-الاعتكاف: «كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يعتكف في العشر الأواخر من رمضان».البخاري

16-المحافظة على الوضوء: «استقيوا ولن تحصوا واعلموا أن خير أعمالكم الصلاة، ولن يحافظ على الوضوء إلا مؤمن».صحيح الترغيب للألباني

17-إسباغ الوضوء: «من توضأ فأحسن الوضوء، خرجت خطاياه من جسده حتى تخرج من تحت أظفاره».مسلم

18-الدعاء بعد الوضوء: «من توضأ فأحسن الوضوء ثم قال أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، وأشهد أن محمداً عبده ورسوله الله اللهم اجعلني من التوابين واجعلني من المتطهرين فتحت له أبواب الجنة يدخل من أيها شاء».مسلم

19-صيام ست من شوال: «من صام رمضان وأتبعه ستاً من شوال كان كصوم الدهر».مسلم

20-السواك: «لولا أن أشق على أمتي لأمرتهم بالسواك مع كل صلاة».متفق عليه

21-صلاة ركعتين بعد الوضوء: «ما من أحد يتوضأ فيحسن الوضوء ويصلي ركعتين يقبل ووجهه عليهما، إلا وجبت له الجنة».مسلم

22-ترديد الأذان: «من قال مثل ما قال هذا يقيناً دخل الجنة».صحيح النسائي للألباني

23-الدعاء بعد الأذان: «من قال حين يسمع النداء: اللهم رب هذه الدعوة التامة، والصلاة القائمة آت محمداً الوسيلة والفضيلة وابعثه مقاماً محموداً الذي وعدته، حلت له شفاعتي يوم القيامة».البخاري

24-الدعاء بين الأذان والإقامة: «الدعاء لا يرد بين الأذان والإقامة».صحيح أبي داود للألباني

25-المشي إلى المسجد: «من غدا إلى المسجد أو راح أعد الله له في الجنة نزلاً كلما غدا أو راح».متفق عليه

26-المحافظة على الصلاة: سئل الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم: أي العمل أفضل؟

قال: «الصلاة لوقتها».متفق عليه

27-المحافظة على صلاة الفجر والعصر: «من صلى البردين دخل الجنة».البخاري

28-المحافظة على صلاة الجمعة: «الصلوات الخمس والجمعة إلى الجمعة ورمضان إلى رمضان مكفرات ما بينهم إذا اجتنبت الكبائر».مسلم

29-تحري ساعة الإجابة يوم الجمعة: «فيها ساعة لا يوافقها عبد مسلم وهو قائم يصلي يسأل الله شيئاً إلا أعطاه إياه».متفق عليه

30-قراءة سورة الكهف يوم الجمعة: «من قرأ سورة الكهف في يوم الجمعة أضاء الله له من النور ما بين الجمعتين».صحيح الجامع للألباني

31-الصلاة في المسجد الحرام: «صلاة في مسجدي هذا أفضل من مائة ألف صلاة فيما سواه».صحيح الجامع للألباني

32-الصلاة في المسجد النبوي: «صلاة في مسجدي هذا خير من ألف صلاة فيما سواه إلا المسجد الحرام».مسلم

33-المحافظة على صلاة الجماعة: «صلاة الجماعة أفضل من صلاة الفذ بسبع وعشرين درجة».متفق عليه

34-الحرص على الصف الأول: «لو يعلم الناس ما في النداء والصف الأول ثم لم يجدوا إلا أن يستهموا عليه لاستهموا».متفق عليه

35-المداومة على صلاة الضحى: «يصبح على كل سلامى من أحدكم صدقة فكل تسبيحة صدقة وكل تحميدة صدقة وكل تهليلة صدقة وكل تكبيرة صدقة وأمر بالمعروف ونهي عن المنكر صدقة ويجزئ من ذلك كله ركعتان يركعها في الضحى».مسلم

36-المحافظة على السنن الراتبة: «ما من عبد مسلم يصلي لله تعالى كل يوم اثنتي عشرة ركعة تطوعاً غير الفريضة إلا بنى الله له بيتاً في الجنة».مسلم

37-الصلاة على الميت: «من شهد الجنائز حتى يصلي عليها فله قيراط ومن شهدها حتى تدفن فله قيراطان قيل وما القيراطان؟

قال: مثل الجبلين العظيمين».متفق عليه

38-تعويد الأولاد على الصلاة: «مروا أبناءكم بالصلاة وهم أبناء سبع سنين، واضربوهم عليها لعشر وفرقوا بينهم في المضاجع».صحيح أبي داود للألباني

39-تعويد الأولاد على الصيام: «عن الربيع بنت معوذ قالت: فكنا نصومه بعد ونصوم صبياننا ونجعل لهم اللعبة من العهن».البخاري

40-ذكر الله عقب الفرائض: «من سبح دبر كل صلاة ثلاثاً وثلاثين وحمد الله ثلاثاً وثلاثين وكبر الله ثلاثاً وثلاثين فتلك تسعة وتسعون ثم قال: لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له له الملك وله الحمد وهو على كل شيء قدير غفرت له خطاياه وإن كانت مثل زبد البحر».مسلم

41-المحافظة على صلاة التراويح: «أفضل الصلاة بعد الفريضة صلاة الليل».مسلم

42-تعجيل الفطر: «لا يزال الناس بخير ما عجلوا الفطر».البخاري

43-الإفطار قبل الصلاة: «كان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يفطر قبل أن يصلي».صحيح الجامع للألباني

44-الإفطار على التمر إن وجد: «من وجد التمر فليفطر عليه، ومن لم يجد التمر فليفطر على الماء، فإن الماء طهور».صحيح الجامع للألباني

45-السحور: «تسحروا فإن في السحور بركة».متفق عليه

46-حمد الله تعالى بعد الأكل والشرب: «إن الله ليرضى عن العبد أن يأكل الأكلة فيحمده عليها أو يشرب الشربة فيحمده عليها».مسلم

47-الاستغفار للمؤمنين والمؤمنات: «من استغفر للمؤمنين والمؤمنات كتب الله له بكل مؤمن ومؤمنة حسنة».صحيح الجامع

48-الزكاة: قال تعالى: { وَمَا أُمِرُوا إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ حُنَفَاء وَيُقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُوا الزَّكَاةَ وَذَلِكَ دِينُ الْقَيِّمَةِ} [البينة: 5]

49-زكاة الفطر: «فرض رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم زكاة الفطر طهرة للصائم من اللغو والرفث وطعمة للمساكين من أداها قبل الصلاة فهي زكاة مقبولة ومن أداها بعد الصلاة فهي صدقة من الصدقات».صحيح أبي داود للألباني

50-الصدقة: «ما تصدق أحد بصدقة من طيب ولا يقبل الله إلا الطيب إلا أخذها الرحمن بيمينه وإن كانت تمرة فتربوا في كف الرحمن حتى تكون أعظم من الجبل كما يربي أحدكم فلوه أو فصيلة».صحيح الجامع للألباني

51-صدقة السر: «صنائع المعروف تقي مصارع السوء، وصدقة السر تطفى غضب الرب، وصلة الرحم تزيد في العمر».صحيح الجامع للألبانيL

52-بناء المساجد: «من بنى مسجداً يبتغي به وجه الله بني له مثله في الجنة».البخاري

53-إفشاء السلام وإطعام الطعام: «أيها الناس أفشوا السلام وأطعموا الطعام وصلوا الأرحام، وصلوا بالليل والناس نيام، تدخلوا الجنة بسلام».صحيح الترمذي للألباني

54-كلمتان: «كلمتان خفيفتان على اللسان ثقيلتان في الميزان حبيبتان إلى الرحمن سبحان الله وبحمده سبحان الله العظيم».البخاري

55-إماطة الأذى عن الطريق: «لقد رأيت رجلاً يتقلب في الجنة في شجرة قطعها من ظهر الطريق كانت تؤذي الناس».مسلم

56-بر الوالدين وطاعتهما: «رغم أنفه رغم أنفه رغم أنفه قيل: من يا رسول الله؟

قال: من أدرك والديه عند الكبر أحدهما أوكليهما ثم لم يدخل الجنة».مسلم

57-طاعة المرأة لزوجها: «إذا صلت المرأة خمسها وصامت شهرها وحصنت فرجها، وأطاعت بعلها دخلت الجنة من أي أبواب الجنة شاءت».صحيح الجامع

58-النفقة على الزوجة والعيال: «إذا أنفق المسلم نفقة على أهله وهو يحتسبها كانت له صدقة».متفق عليه

59-النفقة على الأرملة والمسكين: «الساعي على الأرملة والمسكين كالمجاهد في سبيل الله».البخاري

60-كفالة اليتيم والنفقة عليه: «أنا وكافل اليتيم في الجنة هكذا».البخاري

61-علاج قسوة القلب: «شكا رجل إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قسوة قلبه فقال: «امسح رأس اليتيم وأطعم المسكين».صحيح الترغيب للألباني

62-قضاء حوائج الإخوان: «لإن يمشي أحدكم مع أخيه في قضاء حاجة، وأشار بإصبعه أفضل من أن يعتكف في مسجدي هذا شهرين».الصحيحة الألباني

63-زيارة الإخوان في الله: «النبي في الجنة، والصديق في الجنة، والرجل يزور أخاه في ناحية المصر لا يزوره إلا لله في الجنة».صحيح الجامع

64-زيارة المرضى: «من عاد مريضاً لم يزوره إلا لله في الجنة».

65-صلة الأرحام: «الرحم معلقة بالعرش تقول من وصلني وصله الله، ومن قطعني قطعه الله».مسلم

66-حسن الخلق: سئل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم عن أكثر ما يدخل الناس الجنة؟

فقال: «تقوى الله وحسن الخلق».صحيح الترمذي للألباني

67-الصدق: «عليكم بالصدق فإن الصدق يهدي إلى البر وإن البر يهدي إلى الجنة».متفق عليه

86-طلاقة الوجه: «لا تحقرن من المعروف شيئاً ولو أن تلقى أخاك بوجه طليق».مسلم

69-السماحة في البيع والشراء: «رحم الله رجلاً سمحاً إذا باع وإذا اشترى وإذا اقتضى».البخاري

70-حفظ اللسان والفرج: «من يضمن لي ما بين لحييه وما بين رجليه أضمن له الجنة».متفق عليه

71-فضل الصلاة على النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: «من صلى علي صلاة صلى الله عليه بها عشراً».مسلم

72-الدعوة إلى الله: «من دعا إلى هدى كان له من الأجر مثل أجور من تبعه لا ينقص ذلك من أجورهم شيئاً».مسلم

73-الستر على الناس: «لا يستر عبداً عبداً في الدنيا إلا ستره الله يوم القيامة».مسلم

74-الصبر على البلاء: «ما يصيب المسلم من نصب ولا وصب ولا هم ولا حزن ولا أذى ولا غم حتى الشوكة يشاكها إلا كفر الله بها من خطاياه».البخاري

75-الصدقة الجارية: «إذا مات الإنسان انقطع عنه عمله إلا من ثلاثة صدقة جارية أو علم ينتفع به أو ولد صالح يدعو له».مسلم

76-إغاثة المسلمين: «من نفس عن مسلم كربة من كرب الدنيا نفس الله عنه كربة من كرب يوم القيامة».مسلم

77-الشفاعة للمسلمين لقضاء حوائجهم: «اشفعوا تؤجروا ويقضي الله على لسان نبيه ما شاء».البخاري

78-صلة أصدقاء الوالدين والبر بهم: «إن أبر صلة الولد أهل ود أبيه».مسلم

79-الدعاء للأخ بظهر الغيب: «ما من عبد مسلم يدعو لأخيه بظهر الغيب إلا قال الملك وله بمثل».مسلم

80-الصمت وحفظ اللسان إلا من الخير: «من كان يؤمن بالله وباليوم الآخر فليقل خيراً أو ليصمت».البخاري

81-الإحسان إلى الزوجة: «خيركم خيركم لأهله وأنا خيركم لأهلي».صحيح الجامع للألبانيL

82-إتباع السيئة الحسنة: «اتق الله حيثما كنت وأتبع السيئة الحسنة تمحها، وخالق الناس بخلق حسن».صحيح الجامع للألباني

83-الذب عن أعراض المسلمين: «من رد عن عرض أخيه رد الله عن وجهه النار يوم القيامة».صحيح الترمذي للألباني

84-طيب الكلام: «اتقوا النار ولو بشق تمرة، فإن لم تجدوا فبكلمة طيبة».متفق عليه

85-الرفق بالحيوان: «إن رجلاً رأى كلباً يأكل الثرى من العطش فأخذ الرجل خفه فجعل يغرف له به حتى أرواه فشكر الله له، فأدخله الجنة».البخاري

86-تربية البنات وإعانتهن: «من كان له ثلاثة بنات يؤدبهن ويكفيهن ويرحمهن فقد وجبت له الجنة البتة».البخاري

87-اصطناع المعروف: «كل معروف صدقة والدال على الخير كفاعله».متفق عليه

88-المصافحة: «ما من مسلمين يلتقيان فيتصافحان إلا غفر لهما قبل أن يتفرقا».صحيح الجامع للألباني

89-من كنوز الجنة: «قل لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله فإنها كنز من كنوز الجنة»مسلم

90-التيسير على المعسر: «من يسر على معسر يسر الله عليه في الدنيا والآخرة».مسلم

91-الحياء: «الحياء من الإيمان في الجنة، والبذاء من الجفاء والجفاء في النار».الصحيحة للألباني

92-الجليس الصالح: «لا يقعد قوم يذكرون الله عز وجل إلا حفتهم الملائكة وغشيتهم الرحمة ونزلت عليهم السكينة وذكرهم الله فيمن عنده».مسلم

93-كثرة السجود: «أقرب ما يكون العبد إلا ربه وهو ساجد فأكثروا الدعاء».مسلم

94-الإصلاح بين الناس: «ألا أخبركم بأفضل من درجة الصيام والصلاة والصدقة قالوا بلى يا رسول الله قال: إصلاح ذات البين».صحيح أبي داود للألباني

95-سلامة الصدر: «تفتح أبواب الجنة يوم الاثنين والخميس فيغفر لكل عبد لا يشرك بالله شيئاً إلا رجل كانت بينه وبين أخيه شحناء فيقال أنظروا هذين حتى يصطلحا أنظروا هذين حتى يصطلحا».مسلم

96-عتق أربع أنفس: «من قال: من قال: لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له له الملك وله الحمد وهو على كل شيء قدير عشر مرات كان كمن أعتق أربع أنفس من ولد إسماعيل».مسلم

97-حث النساء على الصدقة: «تصدقن يا معشر النساء ولو من حليكن».متفق عليه

98-الصدق في البيع والشراء: «البيعان بالخيار ما لم يتفرقا فإن صدقا وبينا بورك لهما في بيعهما وإن كذبا وكتما محقت بركة بيعهما».البخاري

99-رد المظالم: «من كان عنده مظلمة لأخيه فليتحلله منها، فإنها ليس ثم دينار ولا درهم من قبل أن يؤخذ لأخيه من حسناته، فإن لم يكن له حسنات أخذ من سيئات أخيه فطرحت عليه».البخاري

100-كفارة المجلس: «من جلس جلسة فكثر لغطه فقال قبل أن يقوم من مجلسه ذلك سبحانك اللهم وبحمدك أشهد أن لا إله إلا أنت أستغفرك وأتوب إليك، إلا غفر له ما كان في مجلسه ذلك».المشكاة للألباني

وفي الختام يجب أن نتذكر أن رب رمضان هو رب الشهور كلها فلابد أن نستمر على طاعته ولنعلم أن نهاية وقت الطاعة والعبادة ليس صلاة العبد كما يتوهم البعض بل هو كما قال الله عز وجل: { وَاعْبُدْ رَبَّكَ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَكَ الْيَقِينُ} [الحجر: 99]

إعداد القسم العلمي بمكتبة الإمام الذهبي

The acts of worship of the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, in Ramadan

عبادات النبي صلى الله عليه وسلمفي رمضـان

Acts of Worship of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم in Ramadan

In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful, the Ever Merciful

All praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, and blessings and peace be upon the seal of the Prophets and the Imam of the Messengers, our Prophet Muhammad, صلى الله عليه وسلم, and all his family and Companions.

The month of Ramadan is the month of worship and drawing closer to Allah Almighty with different sorts of acts of worship and righteous deeds.

The Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, used to increase the different types of his acts of worship in the month of Ramadan.

He used to single out Ramadan with acts of worship that he did not perform in other months.

He used to urge his Companions to perform acts of worship and obedience and head towards Allah, the Exalted, in this month.

He, صلى الله عليه وسلم, said:

إذا كان أول ليلة من شهر رمضان صفدت الشياطين ومردة الجن، وغلقت أبواب النار فلم يفتح منها باب، وفتحت أبواب الجنة فلم يغلق منها باب، وينادي مناد كل ليلة، يا باغي الخير أقبل، ويا باغي الشر أقصر، ولله عتقاء من النار، وذلك كل ليلة»

(متفق عليه).

When the first night of Ramadan arrives, the devils and rebellious jinn are chained, the gates of Hellfire are closed till no gate thereof is open, and the gates of Paradise are opened till no door thereof is closed. A caller cries out: “O seeker of good, proceed; O seeker of evil, desist.” Allah saves some people from Hellfire—and that happens every night.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

The acts of worship of the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, in Ramadan include:

First: Fasting Ramadan:

فَمَنْ شَهِدَ مِنْكُمُ الشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُ [سورة البقرة:185].

Allah Almighty says (what means): {So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it.} [Quran 2:185]

«من صام رمضان إيماناً واحتساباً غفر له ما تقدم من ذنبه» (متفق عليه).

The Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, said: “Whoever fasts in Ramadan out of sincere faith and hoping to attain the reward of Allah, then his past sins will be forgiven.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

«أتاكم شهر رمضان، شهر مبارك، فرض الله عليكم صيامه»

(رواه النسائي وصححه الألباني لغيره).

He, صلى الله عليه وسلم, also said: “The month of Ramadan has come to you. It is a blessed month in which Allah enjoined you to fast.” [An-Nasaai; Al-Albani: authentic due to other narrations]

The Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, warned against abandoning seizing the virtues of this month and leaving it without your sins being forgiven and your rank being elevated.

أبي هريرة أن النبي صعد المنبر فقال: «آمين، آمين، آمين» قيل: يا رسول الله ! إنك صعدت المنبر فقلت: « آمين، آمين، آمين ». قال: «إن جبريل عليه السلام أتاني فقال: من أدرك شهر رمضان، فلم يغفر له، فدخل النار، فأبعده الله، قل: آمين، فقلت: آمين »

(رواه ابن خزيمة وابن حبان وقال الألباني حسن صحيح).

Abu Hurayrah narrated that once the Prophet, said “Ameen!” three times when he stepped up to the pulpit to deliver a sermon. Afterwards, he was asked why he said “Ameen!” three times.

The Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, responded:

While I was at the pulpit, Jibreel (Gabriel), , came to me. He said: “May he be far from the mercy of Allah who reached Ramadan and was not forgiven so he entered Hellfire. So Allah distanced him far away. Say: ‘Ameen.’ So I said ‘Ameen.'” [Ibn Khuzaymah and Ibn Hibbaan; Al-Albani: good-authentic]

Every Muslim should beware of wasting the time of this month in whatever displeases Allah Almighty or in the permissible acts that are not rewarded.

When the wrongdoer sees the good-doers on the Day of Resurrection, he will regret his wrongdoing and wish that he had done good like them. Regret, weeping, remorse and pain, however, do not benefit then.

The Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, informed us that there are people who fast only as a matter of habit so that it has no impact in improving their behavior or disciplining their speech.

They know nothing of the meanings of fasting except for abstention from food and drink for a period of time.

«من لم يدع قول الزور والعمل به والجهل فليس لله حاجة في أن يدع طعامه وشرابه» (رواه البخاري).

The Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, said about these people: “Whoever does not give up false statements (i.e. telling lies), acting upon them and ignorant behavior, Allah will not be in need of his (fasting) leaving his food and drink.” [Al-Bukhari]

«رب صائم حظه من صيامه الجوع والعطش» (رواه أحمد وابن ماجة وصححه السيوطي)

He, صلى الله عليه وسلم, also said: “Perhaps there is a fasting person who gets nothing of his fasting except hunger and thirst.” [Ahmad and Ibn Maajah; As-Suyooti: authentic]

The meaning is that he does not attain the reward of fasting because he violated its sanctity with different types of disobedience and forbidden acts.

This is why one of the predecessors said: “The easiest part of fasting is abandoning food and drink.”

This is also why the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم clarified that true fasting protects against dispraised acts and bad morals.

«الصيام جنة، فإذا كان يوم صيام أحدكم فلا يرفث ولا يفسق، فإن سابه أحد أو قاتله، فليقل: إني صائم، أني صائم » (متفق عليه) 

The Messenger of Allah, صلى الله عليه وسلم, said: “Fasting is a shield. If one of you is fasting, then he should avoid having sexual relations with his wife and quarrelling and if somebody fights or quarrels with him, he should say: ‘I am fasting, I am fasting.'” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

This is the required fasting that helps the fasting person to reach the desired aim.

Allah, the Exalted, says (what means):

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ [البقرة:183].

{O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous.} [Quran 2:183]

Second: Performing qiyaam (i.e. night prayers) in Ramadan:

Qiyaam in Ramadan is the night prayers observed in Ramadan. The Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, used to perform qiyaam all throughout the year, in compliance with the verses in which Allah Almighty says (what means):

يَا أَيُّهَا الْمُزَّمِّلُ * قُمِ اللَّيْلَ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا [المزمل ا ،2]

O you who wraps himself [in clothing], arise [to pray] the night, except for a little.} [Quran 73:1-2]

Allah, the Exalted, praised those who perform night prayers, as He says (what means):

وَالَّذِينَ يَبِيتُونَ لِرَبِّهِمْ سُجَّدًا وَقِيَامًا [الفرقان: 64]،

{And those who spend [part of] the night to their Lord prostrating and standing [in prayer].} [Quran 25:64]

and (what means):

تَتَجَافَى جُنُوبُهُمْ عَنِ الْمَضَاجِعِ يَدْعُونَ رَبَّهُمْ خَوْفًا وَطَمَعًا وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنْفِقُونَ [السجدة: 16]

{They arise from [their] beds; they supplicate their Lord in fear and aspiration, and from what We have provided them, they spend.} [Quran 32:16]

«أفضل بالصلاة بعد الفريضة صلاة الليل» (رواه مسلم).

The Messenger of Allah, صلى الله عليه وسلم, said: “The best prayer after the obligatory prayer is the night prayer.” [Muslim]

It was narrated that the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, singled out the qiyaam of Ramadan with more care. This includes that he urged performing qiyaam in Ramadan and informed us that it is a reason for forgiving sins like the fasting of Ramadan as he, صلى الله عليه وسلم, said:

«من قام رمضان إيمانا واحتسابا غفر له ما تقدم من ذنبه» (متفق عليه).

“Whoever stands in prayer in the nights of Ramadan out of sincere faith and hoping to attain the reward from Allah, then all his past sins will be forgiven.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Performing qiyaam in Ramadan means performing tahajjud (praying late at night) through humbly submissive prayers at night seeking to draw closer to Allah Almighty in these honoured nights.

قال الشيخ ابن عثيمين: ومعنى قوله: «إيمانا» أي بالله وبما أعده من الثواب للقائمين. ومعنى قوله: «احتسابا» أي طلبا لثواب الله، لم يحمله على ذلك رياء، ولا سمعة، ولا طلب مال ولا جاه.

Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen, , said, “’Out of sincere faith,’ means faith in Allah and belief in the reward that he prepared for those who stand in prayer. ‘Hoping to attain the reward from Allah,’ means that he is not doing this to show off or to gain fame, wealth or authority.”

Qiyaam in Ramadan encompasses prayers at the beginning and the end of the night.

Therefore, taraaweeh (voluntary night prayer in congregations in the mosque in Ramadan) is considered qiyaam. Hence, we should be keen on it and seek the reward from Allah Almighty for it.

They are only a few nights that are seized by the wise believer before they depart.

It was named as such (i.e. to rest or take a break) because people used to prolong it so much that whenever they prayed four rakahs (units of prayer), they would take a short break.

The Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, was the first to pray the taraaweeh prayer in congregation in the masjid. Then, he abandoned it out of fear that it would become obligatory upon his nation.

ففي الصحيحين عن عائشة رضي الله عنها« أن النبي صلى في المسجد ذات ليلة، وصلى بصلاته ناس، ثم صلى من القابلة، وكثر الناس، ثم اجتمعوا من الليلة الثالثة أو الرابعة، فلم يخرج إليهم رسول الله ، فلما أصبح قال: قد رأيت الذي صنعتم، فلم يمنعني من الخروج إليكم إلا أني خشيت أن تفرض عليكم. وكان ذلك في رمضان»

Aaishah, , narrated that, one night, the Messenger of Allah, صلى الله عليه وسلم, offered the prayer in the masjid and the people followed him. The next night, he also offered the prayer and so many people gathered.

On the third and fourth nights, more people gathered but the Messenger of Allah, صلى الله عليه وسلم, did not come out to them.

In the morning, he, صلى الله عليه وسلم, said: “I saw what you were doing and nothing but the fear that it (i.e. the prayer) might be enjoined upon you stopped me from coming to you.” That happened in the month of Ramadan. [Al- Bukhari and Muslim]

The Messenger of Allah, صلى الله عليه وسلم, died while the matter was as such. 

Afterwards, Umar ibn Al-Khattaab, gathered the people in the masjid to pray the taraaweeh prayers led by one Imam.

Thus, he revived this Sunnah after its absence because the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, feared that it might be enjoined upon his nation.

The revelation ended with the death of the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم. Muslims from among Ahlus-Sunnah (the people who follow the Sunnah) agreed upon the permissibility of what Umar, did. No one contradicted them except for the people of innovations.

Another piece of evidence on its permissibility is what was narrated by Abu Ad-Dardaa, that the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, led them in prayer on the twenty-third night till the third of the night and on the twenty-fifth night till half the night.

فقالوا: لو ثقلتنا – أي زدتنا بقية ليلتنا – فقال عليه الصلاة والسلام: «إن الرجل إذا صلى مع الإمام حتى ينصرف، كتب له بقية ليلته»

(رواه أهل السنن وحسنه الترمذي).

They said to him: “Would you please pray the rest of the night with us?” The Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, replied: “If someone prays with the imam till the imam leaves, then he will be rewarded as if he prayed the rest of the night.” [Ahlus-Sunan; At-Tirmithi: good]

This indicates that praying part of the night with the imam is rewarded like praying the whole night, even if this portion of the night is less than the third, as indicated by the hadith:

«إذا صلى مع الإمام حتى ينصرف»

“If someone prays with the imam till the imam leaves”. The apparent meaning is that he should pray with him until he leaves.  

If he leaves before the imam, then he will not attain this reward.

وعن الإمام أحمد أنه كان يأخذ بهذا الحديث، ويصلي مع الإمام

Imam Ahmad, used to apply this hadith and pray with the Imam.

Therefore, those people who leave after performing two, four or six rakahs are deprived from attaining the reward of performing the qiyaam of a complete night.

Consider how the Companions used to pray with the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, till half the night and then they asked him to pray more.

This shows the strength of their faith and their diligence in obeying Allah Almighty. If you consider the states of many imams nowadays, you will find that they pray the entire taraaweeh prayer in half an hour or less or a bit more.

Nonetheless, people are not patient to complete it with the imam.

This indicates preoccupation with the life of this world, prevalence of its love in souls, excessive hope, and relinquishing the deeds of the Hereafter.

Third: studying the Quran:

From among the acts of worship of the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, in Ramadan is studying the Quran.

عن ابن عباس قال: «كان النبي أجود الناس، وكان أجود ما يكون في رمضان حين يلقاه جبريل فيدارسه القرآن، وكان جبريل يلقاه كل ليلة من رمضان فيدارسه القرآن،

فلرسول الله حين يلقاه جبريل أجود بالخير من الريح المرسلة»

(متفق عليه).

Ibn Abbas, narrated that the Messenger of Allah, صلى الله عليه وسلم, was the most generous of all the people and that he used to be even more generous in the month of Ramadan, when Jibreel (Gabriel), used to meet him.

Jibreel used to meet him every night in Ramadan to study the Noble Quran together. The Messenger of Allah, صلى الله عليه وسلم, used to become more generous than the fast wind (which causes rain and welfare) when he met Jibreel. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

قال الإمام ابن رجب: (ودل الحديث أيضا على استحباب دراسة القرآن في رمضان والاجتماع على ذلك، وعرض القرآن على من هو أحفظ له.

Imaam Ibn Rajab, said: “This hadith also indicates that it is recommended to study the Quran in Ramadan, gather for this reason, and recite the Quran before whoever memorized more than you.”

This hadith also signifies that it is recommended to frequently recite the Quran in the month of Ramadan.

Fatimah, narrated that her father, صلى الله عليه وسلم, informed her that he used to study the Quran with Jibreel, , once every year and that, in the year of his death, they studied it twice.

This hadith also implies that this studying between the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, and Jibreel, was at night.

This signifies that it is recommended to frequently recite the Quran at night in Ramadan.

At night, business and concerns end, determinations grows stronger, and the heart and tongue cooperate to contemplate.

إِنَّ نَاشِئَةَ اللَّيْلِ هِيَ أَشَدُّ وَطْئًا وَأَقْوَمُ قِيلًا [المزمل:6].

Allah, the Exalted, says (what means): {Indeed, the hours of the night are more effective for concurrence [of heart and tongue] and more suitable for words.} [Quran 73:6]

Ramadan has a special relation with the Quran, as Allah Almighty says (what means):

شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِي أُنْزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآَنُ [البقرة:185]

{The month of Ramadan [is that] in which was revealed the Quran.} [Quran 2:185]

There are etiquettes for reciting the Quran, and these comprise the following:

1- Sincerity of intention for the sake of Allah Almighty.

2- Reading with an attentive heart, contemplating on what is read, and understanding its meanings.

3- Being in a state of purity because this is part of glorifying the words of Allah, the Exalted.

4- Not reading the Quran in unclean places or in a gathering where one cannot listen to its recitation because such a recitation, in those circumstances, would disdain the Quran.

5- Seeking refuge with Allah Almighty from the accursed Satan when starting the recitation and not pronouncing the Basmalah (i.e. saying:

In the Name of Allah) except at the beginning of a new Surah. 

6- Improving one’s voice in recitation.

7- Reciting the Quran with measured recitation and applying the rules of recitation.

8- Prostrating when passing by a verse of prostration while one is in a state of purity at any time, whether night or day.

While prostrating, one should say: “Glory be to my Lord, the Most High,” supplicate Allah Almighty, and then rise without saying takbeer (i.e. saying: Allah Akbar) or offering tasleem (ending the prayer with salutations). 

Fourth: Thikr (remembrance) and supplication:

The Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, used to mention his Lord at all times and in all states. He used to do more so in Ramadan.

From among the athkaar (i.e. plural of thikr) of the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, in Ramadan was that when he saw the moon, he used to say:

«الله أكبر، الله أكبر، اللهم أهله علينا بالأمن والإيمان، والسلامة والإسلام، والتوفيق لما تحب وترضى، ربنا وربك الله»

(رواه الدارمي).

“Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. O Allah, bring us the new moon with security and faith, salvation and Islam (submission to You), and guidance to what You like and what pleases You. Our Lord and yours (O moon) is Allah.” [Ad-Daarimi]

When the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, broke his fast, he used to say:

«ذهب الظمأ وابتلت العروق وثبت الأجر إن شاء الله»

(رواه أبو داود والنسائي).

“Thirst has gone, the arteries are moist and the reward is sure, if Allah wills.” [Abu Daawood and An-Nasaaʼi]

 وعن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت: قلت يا رسول الله! إن علمت ليلة القدر ما أقول فيها؟ قال: قولي: «اللهم إنك عفو تحب العفو فاعف عني»

(رواه الترمذي وقال: حسن صحيح).

Aaishah, said: “I asked: ‘O Messenger of Allah, if I know which night is the Night of Qadr, then what should I say during it?’

He, صلى الله عليه وسلم, said: ‘Say, O Allah, You are pardoning and You love to pardon, so pardon me.'” [At-Tirmithi narrated it and classed it as good-authentic]

وقال النووي: يستحب أن يكثر في الاعتكاف من تلاوة القرآن وغيره من الأذكار.

An-Nawawi, said: “It is recommended to frequently recite the Quran and other athkaar when observing itikaaf (i.e. religious seclusion in the masjid).”

Concerning supplication, the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

«ثلاثة لا ترد دعوتهم الصائم حتى يفطر، والإمام العادل، دعوة المظلوم»

(رواه الترمذي وحسنه).

“There are three types of people whose supplications are never rejected: a fasting person when he breaks his fast, a just ruler, and the supplication of a wronged person.” [At-Tirmithi narrated it and classed it as good]

Fifth: Much generosity and spending;

In the above mentioned hadith of Ibn Abbas, it is stated that the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, used to be the most generous in Ramadan. He was even more generous than the fast wind that brings the rain. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

The Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, is the most generous of all the children of Adam, He is the best, most knowledgeable, and most perfect of them with regards to all the praised qualities.

He encompassed all sorts of generosity including offering knowledge, money, sacrificing himself for the sake of Allah, supporting His religion, guiding His slaves, and conveying benefit to them with all means, like by feeding the hungry among them, preaching to the ignorant among them, running their errands, and bearing their burdens.

وفي الصحيحين عن أنس قال: «كان رسول الله أحسن الناس، وأشجع الناس وأجود الناس».

Anas, narrated, “The Messenger of Allah, was the best, bravest, and most generous of all people.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Anas, also said:

وفي صحيح مسلم عن أنس قال: «ما سئل رسول الله على الإسلام شيئا إلا أعطاه، فجاء رجل، فأعطاه غنما بين جبلين، فرجع إلى قومه فقال: يا قوم أسلموا، فإن محمداً يعطي عطاء من لا يخشى الفاقة ».

It never happened that the Messenger of Allah, صلى الله عليه وسلم was asked anything for the sake of Islam and did not give it. There came to him a person and he gave him a large flock (of sheep and goats) that extended to a distance between two mountains. The man went back to his people and said: “O my people! Embrace Islam for Muhammad gives so much charity as if he has no fear of poverty.” [Muslim]

His generosity increased in Ramadan compared to other months, just as the generosity of his Lord increased in it as well. Allah, the Exalted, instilled the noble qualities that He loves in him. He was as such even before al-bithah (i.e. the commission to bear and proclaim the message). [Lataaf Al-Maarif by Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbali]

Generosity in Ramadan includes offering iftaar (i.e. meal to break a fast with) to the fasting people for the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

«من فطر صائماً فله مثل أجره» (رواه أحمد والنسائي وصححه الألباني)،

“Whoever offers iftaar to a fasting person will receive a reward that is equivalent to that of the fasting person.” [Ahmad, An-Nasaai; Al-Albani: authentic]

From among the characteristics of the generosity of the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, is that he did everything completely for the sake of Allah Almighty and to seek His pleasure.

He used to give money to the poor and needy, spend it in the way of Allah, or bring with it to Islam whoever he thinks could benefit it with his power.

He used to favor others over himself, his family, and children.

He used to give in a way that cannot be imitated by kings like Kisra and Caesar.

He used to live the life of the poor.

Sometimes, no food would be cooked in his house for one or two months, and perhaps he would wrap a rock over his stomach due to hunger.

Sixth: Performing Umrah in Ramadan:

Although the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, did not perform Umrah in Ramadan, he urged doing so by saying:

«عمرة في رمضان تعدل حجة – أو قال – حجة معي» (متفق عليه)،

“Perform Umrah in the month of Ramadan as it is equivalent to Hajj (or he said: Hajj with me) (in reward).” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

This indicates doubling the reward of righteous deeds in Ramadan. Whoever was deprived of the bounty, mercy and broad forgiveness of Allah, the Exalted, in this month is truly deprived.

Seventh: Observing itikaaf:

Itikaaf is an established Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah, صلى الله عليه وسلم.

فعن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت: «كان النبي يعتكف العشر الأواخر من رمضان، حتى توفاه الله، ثم اعتكف أزواجه من بعده»

(متفق عليه).

Aaishah, said: “The Prophet used to practice itikaaf in the last ten days of Ramadan till he died, and then his wives used to practice itikaaf after him.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

وفي لفظ: «كان النبي يعتكف في كل رمضان عشرة أيام، فلما كان العام الذي قبض فيه اعتكف عشرين يوما»

(رواه البخاري).

Another narration reads: “The Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, used to perform itikaaf every year in the month of Ramadan for ten days and, when it was the year of his death, he stayed in itikaaf for twenty days.” [Al-Bukhari] 

Eighth: Exerting more effort in the last ten days:

فعن عائشة رضي الله عنها «أن النبي كان يجتهد في العشر الأواخر ما لا يجتهد في غيره»

(رواه مسلم).

Aaishah, narrated, “The Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم used to exert more effort in the last ten days of Ramadan than in the rest of the year.” [Muslim]

وقالت: «كان النبي إذا دخل العشر شد مئزره، وأحيا ليله، وأيقظ أهله» (متفق عليه).

She also said: “With the start of the last ten days of Ramadan, the Prophet used to tighten his waist belt (i.e. work hard), pray all night, and keep his family awake for the prayers.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

This diligence encompassed all kinds of acts of worship, including prayer, recitation of the Quran, thikr, charity, and other acts of worship.

We ask Allah Almighty to guide us to follow the example of this Prophet, and win his intercession on the Day of Resurrection.

Ameen, Ameen, Ameen….

Narrated by Abu Hurayra that the prophet accended the minbar and said ameen, ameen,ameen.

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه ، أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم صعد المنبر ، فقال : ” آمين آمين آمين ” .

It was said: You accended the minbar saying; ameen, ameen, ameen?

 قيل : يا رسول الله ، إنك حين صعدت المنبر قلت : آمين آمين آمين . 

He said; Jibreel came to me, Then he said: O Muhammad! He who approaches the month of Ramadan, and died without being forgiven, so he entered Hellfire, so let Allah Almighty seclude him away. He said, “Say Ameen,” so I said Ameen. 

قال : ” إن جبريل أتاني ، فقال : من أدرك شهر رمضان ولم يغفر له فدخل النار فأبعده الله ، قل : آمين فقلت : آمين 

“Jibreel came to me and said, O Muhammad! He who grows up and both his parents or one of them are still alive, and they do not cause him to enter Paradise and enter Hellfire, so let Allah Almighty seclude him away. It was said Ameen, so I said Ameen.”

. ومن أدرك أبويه أو أحدهما فلم يبرهما ، فمات فدخل النار فأبعده الله ، قل : آمين ، فقلت : آمين .

Then he said: O Muhammad! He who hears me mentioned and does not prays upon you and he has died and entered Hellfire, so Allah Almighty seclude him away. He said, “Say Ameen,” so I said Ameen.

 ومن ذكرت عنده فلم يصل عليك فمات فدخل النار فأبعده الله ، قل : آمين ، فقلت : آمين “

حسن صحيح 

رواه ابن خزيمة و ابن حبان في صحيحه و ابي يعلى الموصلي في مسنده و الطبراني في المعجم الأوسط و البيهقي في الشعب.

صححه الالباني رحمه الله في صحيح الترغيب و الترهيب (997) و الله أعلم

Brief introduction to fasting

نبذة في الصيام

All praise to Allah, Lord of the Realms Prayers and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and Upon all his family and companions.
This is a brief about fasting, its ruling, types of people in fasting, factors that break one’s fasting and other benefits in brief.

Fasting means worshipping Allah by abstaining from eating and drinking from dawn until sun set.

Fasting Ramadan: is one of the greatest pillars of Islam.

The Prophet, صلى الله عله وسلم, said:

« بني الإسلام على خمس : شهادة أن لا إله إلا الله وإقام الصلاة وإيتاء الزكاة وصوم رمضان وحج البيت الحرام»

“Islam is based on five (pillars): Testifying that there is none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, that Muhammad is His Slave and Messenger; and the establishment of prayer; and the payment of Zakah [poorـdue] and the Pilgrimage to the sacred House of Allah (Kabah) and to fast Ramadan.” [Agreed upon]

Types of People in fasting:

1. Fasting is obligatory on every adult, sane, able, and resident Muslim.

2. An non muslim; is not under the obligation to fast and if they revert to Islam, they do not have to make up the fasts during their days of their disbelief.

3. A child that didn’t reach puberty do not have to fast but they might be asked to fast only to get used to it.

4. Insane or mentally deranged individuals do not have to fast or to feed others on his behalf as a substitute for not fasting even if they are adults.

5. The individuals who are unable to fast because of permanent causes such as old men or those inflicted with a disease they do not expect to recover from, have to feed a poor person for every day in Ramadan.

6. The individuals who suffer from a disease they expect to recover from, may break their fast if they find fasting a burden and make up the missed days after they recover.

7. If the pregnant and breastfeeding woman who find it hard to fast because of pregnancy or breastfeeding, or they fear their babies shall be in harm, they may break their fast and fast the missed days when they find it easy or there is no fear.

8. The one who is compelled to break his fast to save someone from drowning or from fire, may break his fast, and make up this day later on.

9. Women in menstrual or in postpartum period are not allowed to fast during this period, they must break their fast and fast the missed days later.

10. Travellers may fast or break their fast but they have to fast the missed days later whether their travel is temporary like travelling for Umra or permanent like taxi drivers, they may break their fast when they travel to cities other than their city.

Things that break one’s fasting

Persons’ fasting is not broken if they do one of the things which break their fast, while they are ignorant or forgetting. Allah Almighty, says:

{رَبَّنَا لاَ تُؤَاخِذْنَا إِن نَّسِينَا أَوْ أَخْطَأْنَا} [البقرة: 286]،

“Our Lord, do not impose blame upon us if we have forgotten or erred.” [Al- Baqarah 2:286]

Allah, the All Mighty, says:

{إِلاَّ مَنْ أُكْرِهَ وَقَلْبُهُ مُطْمَئِنٌّ بِالإِيمَانِ} [النحل: 106]

“except for one who is forced [to renounce his religion] while his heart is secure in faith.” [Al Nahal 16:106] 

His saying:

{وَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ فِيمَا أَخْطَأْتُم بِهِ وَلَكِن مَّا تَعَمَّدَتْ قُلُوبُكُمْ} [الأحزاب: 5]

” And there is no blame upon you for that in which you have erred but [only for] what your hearts intended.” [Al-Ahzab 33:5] 

If the fasting person eats or drinks forgetting, or if he eats thinking that, the sun has set or the dawn has not broken, his fasting will not be nullified because he is ignorant of the incidence.

If the fasting person rinses his mouth with water and it accidently reaches his throat, his fasting will not be nullified, because he did not do this deliberately. 

If he discharged semen (wet dreaming) unintentionally while he was sleeping, his fasting will not be nullified.

The eight factors that break one’s fast:

1. الجماع 

Sexual Intercourse: If a fasting person who is obliged to fast makes a sexual intercourse in the day of Ramadan; he has to fast another day as a substitute and make a great expiation, that is to free a slave, if one is not able to do that, he has two fast two successive months, if he is not able to do that, he has to feed sixty poor men.

2. إنزال المني 

Discharge of semen while one is awake, through masturbation, or by approaching women, kissing, hugging, or the like.

3. الأكل أو الشرب 

Eating or drinking whether it is benefiting or harming such as smoking.

4. حقن الإبر المغذية التي يستغنى بها عن الطعام 

Nourishing injections, which substitute food and drink. But non nourishing injections do not break one’s fasting whether they are used in veins or in muscles and whether one finds their taste in his throat or not.

5. حقن الدم 

Blood transfer such as when the fasting person bleed and are given blood transfer to substitute the blood they lost.

6. خروج دم الحيض والنفساء 

The discharge of menstrual or postpartum blood.

7. إخراج الدم بالحجامة ونحوها 

Extracting blood by cupping and the like but if blood emerges naturally such as bleeding or coming out with the pulling out of teeth do not break one’s fasting because it’s not cupping nor constitutes a part of it.

8. القيء إن تقصده 

Vomiting deliberately, but if one vomit unintentionally his fasting is not nullified.

Notes:

1. Fasting persons may intend to fast even if they are in a state of major ritual impurity then they may wash after the crack of dawn.

2. If a woman’s menstrual or postpartum period ends before Fajr in Ramadan, she must fast this day even if she washes after the crack of dawn.

3. The fasting persons may pull out their teeth or molars, cure their wounds or dropping in one’s eyes or ears even if one finds the taste in his throat.

4. Fasting individuals may use Siwak (tooth-cleansing stick) at the beginning or end of Ramadan days as it is Sunnah while fasting or not.

5. Fasting individuals may use things that relieve the severe hot weather or thirst such as pouring water on the body to cool down or using air conditions.

6. Fasting individuals may spray (oral inhaler) in their mouth what lightens the breath shortage resulting from pressure or others.

7. Fasting individuals may damp their lips with water if they get dry and rinse their mouth with water, if their lips are dry, but not to swallow the water.

8. The Sunnah is to delay Suhur (pre-dawn meal) before the fast to make it directly before dawn and to break his fast quickly as soon as the sun sets, to breakfast on ripe dates, if one does not find then on dry dates, he may break his fast on water or on any permissible food.If he finds nothing, he only has to intend to break his fast till he finds anything to do so.

9. The Sunnah for a fasting person is to make many good deeds and abstain from all prohibitions.

10. The fasting persons have to stick to obligations and abstain from prohibitions.

They have to perform the five daily prayers in a congregation on time if they have no excuse to perform prayers individually.

They have to give up lying, gossip and backbiting, cheating, all usury transactions and every prohibited saying or deed.

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet صلى الله عله وسلم said,

«من لم يدع قول الزور والعمل به الجهل

فليس لله حاجة أن يدع طعامه وشرابه»

“Whoever does not give up forged speech and acting upon it, Allah is not in need of his leaving his food and drink (i.e. Allah will not accept his fasting.)” [Reported by Al-Bukhari]

All praise to Allah, Lord of the Realms Prayers and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and Upon all his family and companions.

Written by: Muhammad Ibn Saleh Al-‘Othaymeen

The wrong understanding to Ramadan

Sadly, a lot of many people have understood Ramadan incorrectly.

They understand it in a different way than Allah wants.

Instead of being a month of hunger, suffering, hard work and patience, it has become for them a month of mastering making premium variety of foods, that it has turned into the month of surfeit, fatness and stomach illnesses.

Ramadan has also turned from the month of feeling and consolation of the hungry, poor and miserable to the month of indulging deeply into pleasures and lustrous desires.

When Ramadan approaches, you find them heading to the markets and filling their houses with different kinds of food.

Some, rather, buy more than what they need and what they used to buy in the previous months, as if they are hungry all the year and they do not eat but only in Ramadan.

They have made such a noble month a season for eating, drinking and filling stomachs, though it is originally, a month decreed by Allah in order for a person to feel the bitterness of hunger and stinging of pain so that they can notice their brothers in most Muslim countries; those who starve, fast forcibly the whole year, know only the name of food and taste only its shape.

We do not mean at all to forbid eating and drinking; the human body indispensably needs eating and drinking.

But we mean that it should be within rational limits and without extravagance.

It is noticed that most food prepared in Ramadan is not eaten. Only a small portion is eaten and the rest is thrown in wastebaskets.

Such action does not satisfy neither Allah nor His Messenger; it is being ungrateful for blessing, for which Allah has said,

{وَإِذْ تَأَذَّنَ رَبُّكُمْ لَئِن شَكَرْتُمْ لأَزِيدَنَّكُمْ وَلَئِن كَفَرْتُمْ إِنَّ عَذَابِي لَشَدِيدٌ}
إبراهيم: 7
{And (remember) when your Lord proclaimed: “If you give thanks (by accepting Faith and worshipping none but Allâh), I will give you more (of My Blessings); but if you are thankless (i.e. disbelievers), verily My punishment is indeed severe.”} [Surat Ibrâhîm 14:7]

نبذة في الصيام A Brief about Fasting

Types of People in fasting:

1. Fasting is obligatory on every adult, sane, able, and resident Muslim.

2. An infidel is not under the obligation to fast and if they revert to Islam, they do not have to make up the fasts during their days of their disbelief.

3. A child that didn’t reach puberty do not have to fast but they might be asked to fast only to get used to it.

4. Insane or mentally deranged individuals do not have to fast or to feed others on his behalf as a substitute for not fasting even if they are adults.

5. The individuals who are unable to fast because of permanent causes such as old men or those inflicted with a disease they do not expect to recover from, have to feed a poor person for every day in Ramadan.

6. The individuals who suffer from a disease they expect to recover from, may break their fast if they find fasting a burden and make up the missed days after they recover.

7. If the pregnant and breastfeeding woman who find it hard to fast because of pregnancy or breastfeeding, or they fear their babies shall be in harm, they may break their fast and fast the missed days when they find it easy or there is no fear.

8. The one who is compelled to break his fast to save someone from drowning or from fire, may break his fast, and make up this day later on.

9. Women in menstrual or in postpartum period are not allowed to fast during this period, they must break their fast and fast the missed days later.

10. Travellers may fast or break their fast but they have to fast the missed days later whether their travel is temporary like travelling for Umra or permanent like taxi drivers, they may break their fast when they travel to cities other than their city.